Well you decided to breed bettas huh? Well im gonna try to help you with everything i can. Well first you want a good quality pair if you want to sell the fry, your not going to make money off veil tails. So spend a few more bucks on some halfmoons or crowntails, whatever you want. And you want to make sure you have all your supplies before you even let that male put his eyes on that nice female you got.
First you need to take good care of them bettas. They better be healthy and fed good. This is called conditioning. You need to do this for at least a week. Some do it two weeks. And during this two weeks they need to fed live foods. If you can get mosquito larvae that is a good choice but they are really hard to find. You can allso get freezed drid bloodworms, frozen bloodworms.. They both need fed a lot. 2-4 times a day and a lot! Remember to get out the uneaten food at the bottom.. You want the water to be so clean for them. So you can have a filter in the tank that you are keeping them in. Unless they are in a bowl then change the water... Just keep the water clean!
If you are keeping the male in the breeding tank before you breed them then you can have like a power filter to keep the tank clean, but only for conditioning! So lets move on to a different topic.
Now culling can be taking them to a petstore or a giving it away b/c you dont like the colors it has. But what i am talking about it killing them b/c of their colors. I think it would be okay if the fish was deformed til it couldnt live a happy life but killing them b/c they arnt the color you wanted is just wrong. They are living, not some thing. People who do that have no respect for them and i have no respect for the people who do that to them. They have emotions just like us. People will do this b/c that isnt the finage that you want or the color... they are living, breathing creatures that should have a life, not just based on how pretty in color they are or how glamorous their fins are. Their life should not be based on that. So keep that in mind. And dont kill no fish based on their looks.
What you should have
Now here is a list on what you need.
A breeding tank - at least 10 gallons
A Male and Female betta fish - obviously!
A styrofoam cup for the bubble nest
Medicine - for rips in their fins - can get at petstore
Plants - live or fake - live is better
A dechlorinator for the water - to remove chlorine from tap water - can get at petstore
Sponge / Corner Filter
Air pump - for filter
Valve - to control air flow - can get at pet store - makes the filter less powerful for the fry
air line tubing - for air to the filter
lots of jars to jar the aggresive fry - say 50 - 100
Hurricane Glass - to put the female in to seperate the male and female, but so they can see eachother
A heater - i dont use one b/c i use a light to keep the water at 80-82 degrees but the water needs to be at least 80 degrees.
Lights so the male can see the egss..
Setting up the tank
Now first fill the tank up to about 5 inches of dechorinated tap water, also put some salt in the water. Have your plants on the left side. The Hurricane glass should be in the middle. The styrofoam cup should be taped to the front right corner and should be floating above the water. Some people use leaves, lids, plastic wrap.... for the bubble nest. The Sponge / Corner Filter should be in the back left corner, Do Not Turn It On!!!
So you have set the tank up and conditioned the pair and got all the suplies ready? if you do then move on.
And here are some notes
- You should not feed the male or female during this period of breeding.Some people do and some people dont, it is up to you. and do not feed the male once there are fry for 3 days, also again it is up to you if you should feed him or not.You can go through trial and error til you find what is right for you. i will tell you more of this later about the fry.
The male could already been in the breeding tank before. Now if he wasnt then put him in a container and float it in the water of the breeding tank. Do the same with the female. They will see eachother and the male will flare and the female might have vertical bars on her sides. And she might be swimming with her head down. These are signs that she is ready. Well anyway i would float them in there for about 30 minutes and then add some water from the tank in the containers and then wait another 30 minutes so the temperature can settle.
So after an hour or so of letting them sit release the female into the hurricane glass. Then release the male into the tank. He will swim around her and flare at her. He will start to build a bubble nest under the cup or what ever you have. She might have the signs that she is ready. Which is the bars and swimming with her head down.
Give the male time to build a good size bubble nest. Dont rush him! you could give him a day or so....
So the male has a good size bubble nest? Thats good if he does. Does the female have bars and swimming with her head down? yes, then your in good shape! if not give her some more time.. It was always the female that i had problems with... lol.. or maybe the males wernt good enough for them.
so if you see both of these then i give you permission to put your big hand in tank and take out the hurricane glass, releasing the female. Now you have to watch them closley. They can get hurt badly and could possibly be killed. So if you see that they are in danger of being very badly hurt or killed and then you should remove them from eachother and put some fin repair - the medicine- to treat her... or him ( sometimes )
- You should leave on the lights at night so that the male can see the eggs if they spawn at night.
The male will chase the female and thats why you have those plants in that tank so that the female can hide if she wants to. The female might get tears in her fins. But that is normal.
So then the male will chase her and stay under his nest. Now once the female is ready to spawn she will go under the cup to where the nest is. This is a sign that they are going to spawn.
The female goes under the nest. The male is under the nest too. They circle eachother. Now what happens is that the female flips upside down and the male will wrap his body around her to where both of their abdomens are touching. So then he squeezes the eggs out of her. Eggs fall out of her and sink to the bottom. She seems paralyzed and doesnt move for a couple seconds. The male will rush down pick up eggs in his mouth and then rush up to the bubble nest and then spit the eggs into the nest sticking them to the bubbles.
They can do this many times having a lot of eggs in the spawning process. So once you see that there are no more eggs and that the female moves away from the nest it is this time to remove the female.
Give her nice clean water betta medicine for those fins and feed her.
The male and the eggs
The male will now take care of the eggs for the next 36-72 hours depending on the temperature of the water. Now he will rearrange the eggs, blow some more bubbles, clean the eggs, look on the bottom for more eggs, vent them with his pectoral fins to keep water moving and prevent fungus from attacking them, replace popped bubbles, blow more, take out the trash, clean the dishes.. lol.. j/k about the last two. Overall he just takes care of them.
So remember these - leave the lights on night and day, and do not feed him.
You got these little things that look like little hairs hanging from the bubble nest? Yep. Then you have fry! And they keep on falling, up and down they go. The male is running crazy, or swimming crazy, going up and down pick them up putting them in the nest.. picking up more puttin them in the nest. picking up more and spitting them in the nest.... you get the idea. This could go on for hours or even days!
Hopefully after a day they will go up to the surface and settle there. The bubbles might be gone but they should be able to float on the water. So dont freak out. But sometimes there are spawns that sink for 3 days, but at 3 days they should be free swimming.
So they are still growing. Their tissues and organs have not completly formed yet. They are feeding off of their yolk sac, which they will from day 1 til day 3. So you dont have to feed them, yet. Keep off of them and stay away. dont mess with them. lol... just keep your big ugly hands out..
At Day three they have used up their yolk sac and can now swim b/c their swimming organs have developed. So they will swim away from the nest and now mr.betta needs to be removed. So get some water from the breeding tank and net the male in it.Make sure you dont get any fry in the net. You can feed him now once he is in his own tank.
The fry will need fed b/c they are free swimming and have no yolk sac left. So get a small amount of microworms and put that in the breeding tank for the fry. You can order them off of ebay or other sites..
You need to feed them two times a day. And you can also feed them Baby Brine Shrimp (BBS).
Some notes - you need to turn off the lights at night for the fry, cover the tank, and dont clean the tank for the first 2 weeks. Microworms take 7 days to bloom, so get the food ealier.
Now about the filter - Many people turn it on early and some other like at a week old.. i think i would turn mine on at about a coulple days after they are free swimming, so maybe like 5 days?... its up to you, and make sure that the filter isnt too strong.
So that is from setting up the tank to day three... i know it is long but would you read it and make sure that it is okay... and say something if i need to change something or add...
I have bred bettas before but all the fry started to die.. but that was my first time and two years ago and i want to try again someday...
I dont even have any bettas right now but im gonna get some soon.